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What happens when indigenous traditions are woven into western ones?
A syllabus by Ximena Garrido-Lecca
This syllabus by Ximena Garrido-Lecca reflects on the cultural influence between Indigenous and Western communities in the Americas. What happens when Indigenous traditions are woven into Western ones? is a tapestry of idiosyncrasies and contradictions that are introduced and fueled by the processes of colonization.



Week 1: Weft lock twining

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España (1577)
by Bernardino de Sahagun

Historia del Nuevo Mundo (1639)
by Bernabé Cobo

Relación de las Fabulas y Ritos de los Incas (c.1575)
by Cristobal De Molina

La Extirpación de la Idolatría en el Perú (1621)
by Jose Pablo de Arriaga

El Primer Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno (1615)
by Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala

Comentarios Reales de los Incas (1609)
by Inca Garcilaso de la Vega

The Pleasures of Taxonomy: Casta Paintings, Classifications, and Colonialism (2016)
by Rebecca Earle

View (click on the links to view):

Aguirre: The Wrath of God (1977)
by Werner Herzog

Listen (click on the links to listen):

Sinfonía 10: "Amerindia" (1952)
by Heitor Villalobos

Sonido 13: Preludio a Colón (1925)
by Julian Carrillo


Week 2: Plain rib - interlocking warp and weft (double interlocking)

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

Tristes Tropiques (1955)
by Claude Lévi-Strauss

Phantom Africa (1934)
by Michel Leris

The Golden Bough (1890)
by James George Frazer

"Breaking Juju," Breaking Trade: Museums and the Culture of Iconoclasm in Southern Nigeria (2017)
by Z.S. Strother

Flora Perpetua: Arte y Ciencia Botánica de Antonio Raimondi (Tomo II) (1884)
by Felipe Villacorta (editor)

Peruvian Nature Up Close, Seen from Afar (2011)
by Daniela Bleichmar

Apuntes de la Medicina Tradicional: La Racionalización de lo Irracional (1993)
by Fernando Cabieses

Measuring the Passage of Time in Inca and Early Spanish Peru (2013)
by Kerstin Nowack

El Triangulo Museológico de las Bermudas (2012)
by Esther Gabara

View (click on the links to view):

Keep the River on Your Right: A Modern Cannibal Tale (2001)
by David Shapiro & Laurie Gwen Shapiro

Listen (click on the links to listen):

El Peregrino Ante el Templo del Sol (1930)
by Theodoro Valcárcel

Munahuaquichu (1927)
by Manuel Aguirre

Intihuatana (1967)
by Celso Garrido-Lecca


Week 3: Gauze weave with weft missing intervals and open slits

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

The Tupac Amaru Rebellion (2014)
by Charles F. Walker

7 Ensayos de la Interpretación de la Realidad Peruana (1928)
by Jose Carlos Mariategui

Tempestad en los Andes (1927)
by Luis E. Valcárcel

El Llano en Llamas (1953)
by Juan Rulfo

Yawar Fiesta (1941)
by José María Arguedas

Decolonizing Indigenous Sexualities: Between Erasure and Resurgence (2019)
by Manuela L. Picq

The Enigma of Ichcateopan: A Messianic Archive of the Nation (2007)
by Mariana Botey

Indigenous Mestizos: The Politics of Race and Culture in Cuzco (2000)
by Marisol de la Cadena

The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
by Frantz Fanon

View (click on the links to view):

Toropukllay (2012)
by Ximena Garrido-Lecca

Images of Retablos
by Edilberto Jimenez

Listen (click on the links to listen):

Dúo Concertante (1990)
by Celso Garrido-Lecca

Sonido 13: Balbuceos (1958)
by Julian Carrillo


Week 4: Split pairs or crossed warp twining

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

Pachacamac y el Señor de los Milagros (1992)
by María Rostworowski

The Andean Hybrid Baroque: Convergent Cultures in the Churches of Colonial Peru (2010)
by Cauvin Alexander Bailey

El Temazcal Mesoamericano: un Modelo de Adaptación Cultural (2011)
by Maria José Ruiz Somavilla

Mitos, Leyendas y Cuentos Peruanos (1947)
by José María Arguedas & Francisco Izquierdo Rios

The Virgin of Guadalupe Symbol of Conquest or Liberation? (1992)
by Jeanette Favrot Peterson

View (click on the links to view):

La Otra Conquista (1998)
by Salvador Carrasco

Danza de tijeras

Images by José Guadalupe Posada

Past issues of Amauta magazine
edited by Jose Carlos Mariategui

Images from the Cuzco School of Painting

Images from Cementerio General de Almudena, Cuzco

Listen (click on the links to listen):

Kukuli: Poema Sinfónico (1961)
by Armando Guevara Ochoa

Tijeras ft. Kayfex (2018)
by Renata Flores

Bolomchom (2009)
by Sak Tzevul

Kux Kux (2011)
by Vayijel

La MafiAndina (2019)
by Warmi Hatari


Week 5: Diamond twills on multiple shafts

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

From the Rubber Boom to Ayahuasca Tourism: Shamanic Initiation and the Commodification of Amazonia (2017)
by Amanda Mignonne Smith

Shamanism, Colonialism and the Wild Man (1991)
by Michael Taussig

Disertación Sobre el Aspecto, Cultivo, Comercio y Virtudes de la Famosa Planta del Perú Nombrada Coca (1794)
by José Hipólito Unanue

Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug (2008)
by Paul Gootenberg

Del "Polo Marginal" a la "Economía Alternativa"? (2014)
by Anibal Quijano

The Accursed Share (Volume I) (1949)
by Georges Bataille

The Devil and Commodity Fetishisms in South America (1980)
by Michael Taussig

Nostalgias Imperiales (1918)
by Cesar Vallejo

View (click on the links to view):

Fitzcarraldo (1982)
by Werner Herzog

The Embrace of the Serpent (2015)
by Ciro Guerra

Images of Mercado de las Alacitas, Bolivia

Images of advertisements on adobe walls and other murals

Listen (click on the links to listen):

Ataypura (1950)
by Yma Sumac

Amor Indiano (1965)
by Dúo Benítez Valencia

La Rema (1982)
by Conjunto de Juan Reynoso


Week 6: Sectional wefts turned around the same warp thread

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

Primitivism in Modern Art (1938)
by Robert Goldwater

Josef Albers in Mexico (2017)
by Lauren Hinkson

Primitivism Reconsidered (Part 1): A Question of Attitude (2017)
by Jonathan Hay

Ancient Mexican Sources of Art Deco (2003)
by Oriana Baddeley

On Weaving (1965)
by Anni Albers

Cochineal Red: The Art History of a Color (2010)
by Elena Phipps

A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History (1997)
by Manuel DeLanda

How the Potato Changed the World (2011)
by Charles C. Mann

View (click on the links to view):

Hotel Palenque (1969-72)
by Robert Smithson

Listen (click on the links to listen):

Harawi (1948)
by Olivier Messiaen

Original Harawi music


Week 7: Warp reverse locknit and 3D warp knits

Read (registration required to access the readings. Click here to register, and those who are registered can click here for the readings):

Dominación y Cultura: Lo Cholo y el Conflicto Cultural en el Perú (1980)
by Aníbal Quijano

Desborde Popular y Crisis del Estado (1984)
by José Matos Mar

La Cultura Quechua Hoy (1987)
by Rodrigo Montoya

El Laberinto de la Soledad (1950)
by Octavio Paz

Cuando el Subalterno Construye: Freddy Mamani y la Emergencia del Cholo Power Boliviano (2019)
by Martina Thorne

View (click on the links to view):

Behind the Seams: Mexican Pointy Boots (2011)

Yogaton

Images of Chicha posters

Images of New Andean Architecture
by Freddy Mamani

Images of Iquitos Amazonian painting

Listen (click on the links to listen):

Radio Inka Sat

Nuevo Amanecer (2009)
by La Tigresa del Oriente

Papito (2009)
by Wendy Sulca

The Roots of Chicha: Psychedelic Cumbias from Peru I and II (2007)
by various artists